Family-supportive supervision (FSS) refers to the degree to which employees perceive their immediate supervisors as exhibiting attitudes and behaviors that are supportive of their family role demands (Hammer, Kossek, Zimmerman, & Daniels, 2007; Kossek, Pichler, Bodner & Hammer, 2011: Thomas & Ganster, 1995). A growing body of research suggests that leaders' and supervisors' social support of employees' needs to jointly carry out work and family demands is important for general health and job attitudes, such as satisfaction, work-family conflict, commitment, and intention to turn over (Hammer, Kossek, Anger, Bodner, & Zimmerman, 2009; Kossek et al., 2011). Thus, employee perceptions of FSS are critical to individual well-being and productivity (Hammer, Kossek, Yragui, Bodner, & Hansen, 2009). [excerpt]
Kossek, Ellen Ernst, Heather N. Odle-Dusseau, and Leslie B. Hammer. "Family Supportive Supervision Around the Globe." In The Cambridge Handbook of the Global Work-Family Interface, edited by Kristin M. Shockley, Winny Shen, and Ryan .C. Johnson, 570-594. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2018.