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From 'Parliamentarized' to 'Pure' Presidentialism: Bolivia after October 2003
The Latin Americanist (2008)
  • Miguel Centellas, Dickinson College
Among the many shifts in Bolivian politics since October 2003 is a subtle, yet significant change in the country's presidential system. Bolivia has recently transitioned from "parliamentarized" to a "pure" presidentism. In the previous system (1985-2002), Bolivian presidents were chosen by the legislature and led multiparty coalition governments. Since October 2003, Bolivia has instead been governed by two independent chief executives. This paper discusses the shift in presidential behavior by analyzing the similarities between Carlos Mesa and Evo Morales—who also fit the the description of "delegate democrats" or "populists"—and their consequences for democratic stability (the lack of a constitutional "crisis"). It also considers potential reforms recently approved by the country's Constituent Assembly and suggests that many of the benefits of "parliamentarized" presidentialism are still relevant for constitutional engineers.
  • Bolivia,
  • presidentialism
Publication Date
October, 2008
Citation Information
Miguel Centellas. "From 'Parliamentarized' to 'Pure' Presidentialism: Bolivia after October 2003" The Latin Americanist Vol. 52 Iss. 3 (2008)
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