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Article
Scaling the Heights of Positive Psychology: A Systematic Review of Measurement Scales
International Journal of Wellbeing
  • Courtney E. Ackerman, Claremont Graduate University
  • Meg A. Warren, Western Washington University
  • Stewart I. Donaldson, Claremont Graduate University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
1-1-2018
Keywords
  • Positive psychology,
  • Wellbeing,
  • Happiness,
  • Measurement,
  • Self-report measure,
  • Systematic review
Abstract

The volume of empirical research on positive psychology topics has grown substantially over the past two decades. This review examines how constructs in positive psychology have been operationalized, measured, validated, cited, and applied to build the science. Based on an archive of 972 empirical articles linked to positive psychology, this review found that 762 articles used at least one measurement scale; 312 measures were created or adapted. Findings reveal a wide range of scales being used to measure a variety of constructs, including scales on both life-enhancing and life-depleting constructs. Key characteristics such as journals, constructs, and scale development and validation information are discussed. There are some reliability analyses and validations occurring within the field, but the creation of new measures far outpaces the validation of existing measures. Weaknesses such as multiple operationalizations may be rooted in inadequate discourse and synthesis. We call for further cross-pollination for a more scientifically robust scholarship in positive psychology.

DOI
10.5502/ijw.v8i2.734
Genre/Form
articles
Type
Text
Rights
Copying of this document in whole or in part is allowable only for scholarly purposes. It is understood, however, that any copying or publication of this document for commercial purposes, or for financial gain, shall not be allowed without the author’s written permission.
Creative Commons License
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0
Language
English
Format
application/pdf
Citation Information
Ackerman, C. E., Warren, M. A., & Donaldson, S. I., (2018). Scaling the heights of positive psychology: A systematic review of measurement scales. International Journal of Wellbeing, 8(2), 1-21. doi:10.5502/ijw.v8i2.734