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Article
Is Federalism the Reason for Policy Failure in Hurricane Katrina?
Publius (2008)
  • Thomas A Birkland, North Carolina State University
  • Sarah Waterman, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Abstract
Governmental responses to Hurricane Katrina are generally cited as policy failures. Media and popular analyses focus on the federal government’s policy failures in hazard preparedness, response, and recovery. Meanwhile, disaster experts realize that disaster response is a shared intergovernmental responsibility.We examine the federal nature of natural disaster policy in the US to consider whether federalism, or other factors, had the greatest influence on the failures in Katrina.We find that some policy failures are related to policy design considerations based in federalism, but that the national focus on ‘‘homeland security’’ and the concomitant reduction in attention to natural hazards and disasters, are equally, if not more complicit, in the erosion of government disaster management capacity that was revealed in Hurricane Katrina.
Keywords
  • Hurricane Katrina,
  • Federalism
Publication Date
2008
Citation Information
Thomas A Birkland and Sarah Waterman. "Is Federalism the Reason for Policy Failure in Hurricane Katrina?" Publius Vol. 38 Iss. 4 (2008)
Available at: http://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/thomas_birkland/9/