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Article
Synthesis and Flammability Testing of Epoxy Functionalized Phosphorous-Based Flame Retardants
Journal of Applied Polymer Science
  • Vladimir Benin, University of Dayton
  • Xuemei Cui, University of Dayton
  • Alexander Morgan, University of Dayton
  • Karl Seiwert, University of Dayton
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
8-1-2015
Abstract

Several potential new phosphorus-containing flame retardant molecules were evaluated for heat release reduction potential by incorporation of the molecules into a polyurethane, generated from methylene diphenyl diisocyanate and 1,3-propane diol. The heat release reduction potential of these substances was evaluated using the pyrolysis combustion flow calorimeter (PCFC). The polyurethanes were prepared in the presence of the potential flame retardants via solvent mixing and copolymerization methods to qualitatively evaluate their potential reactivity into the polyurethane prior to heat release testing. The functionality of the flame retardants was epoxide based that would potentially react with the diol during polyurethane synthesis. Flammability testing via PCFC showed that the heat release reduction potential of each of the flame retardants was structure dependent, with phosphates tending to show more effectiveness than phosphonates in this study, and alkyl functionalized phosphorus groups (phosphate or phosphonate) being more effective at heat release reduction than cyclic functionalized groups.

Inclusive pages
1-10
ISBN/ISSN
0021-8995
Document Version
Postprint
Comments

The document available for download after the publisher's embargo period is the authors' accepted manuscript, made available in compliance with the publisher's policy on self-archiving.

Some differences may exist between this version and the publisher's version; as such, researchers wishing to quote directly from it are advised to consult the version of record, available at many libraries or from the publisher: http://0-dx.doi.org.library.simmons.edu/10.1002/app.42296

Permission documentation is on file.

Publisher
Wiley Periodicals
Peer Reviewed
Yes
Citation Information
Vladimir Benin, Xuemei Cui, Alexander Morgan and Karl Seiwert. "Synthesis and Flammability Testing of Epoxy Functionalized Phosphorous-Based Flame Retardants" Journal of Applied Polymer Science Vol. 132 Iss. 30 (2015)
Available at: http://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/vladimir_benin/8/